PIGMENT SPOTS: DEFINITION AND CAUSES

PIGMENT SPOTS: DEFINITION AND CAUSES

Pigment spots are often associated with a sign of old age. However, there are several types of spots linked to different factors. The spot is in fact a skin disorder that is more complex than we think. Let's decode it together.

WHAT IS A PIGMENTARY SPOT?

A change in the normal colour of the skin is called a pigmentary spot. A spot can be hyperpigmented (brown, red, pink) or hypopigmented (white). In cosmetology, the term "spot" is mostly used to refer to brown spots without relief.

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WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF THE APPEARANCE OF PIGMENTARY SPOTS?

Spots are primarily a story of UV exposure combined with various factors such as skin aging, hormonal change (pregnancy, menopause), certain diseases and skin inflammation.

Sun & skin aging

Melanin is synthesised by melanocytes, and then stored and transported by melanosomes, protecting the DNA of skin cells from the damaging effects of UV radiation. As we age, localized brown spots appear on areas that are too exposed to the sun. In fact, for a young and healthy skin, the cells containing melanin are continuously renewed by new ones, without melanin, every 28 days. But skin ageing disrupts this cycle. This results in an accumulation of melanin, which is responsible for pigmentation and therefore the cause of the appearance of spots.

Sun & hormonal change

Women undergo a hormonal upheaval during pregnancy or the menopause, which, in the event of prolonged exposure to UV rays, causes the appearance of pigment spots. These spots are most often located on the cheeks, forehead and above the lips.

Sun & disease

Some diseases require photosensitizing medications that can also cause staining upon exposure to UV light.

Sun & skin inflammation

Pigment scars can appear in cases of acne or insect bites. These are spots that persist after the pimple has disappeared if it has not been properly treated.

 

PIGMENTARY SPOTS: PREVENTION AND TREATMENT

HOW TO PREVENT PIGMENTARY SPOTS?

Protecting yourself from radiation

The most effective prevention is to protect yourself from UV rays, especially if you are a person at risk (very fair or dark skin, acne-prone skin, pregnancy, illness, old age). So avoid prolonged exposure to the sun and use an SPF 20 minimum, and/or an SPF 50 total screen cream if you are prone to spots.

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How to treat them?

Reducing melanin synthesis and transport, thereby reducing the size and pigmentation of spots

Most bleaching products are dangerous. This is because they contain cortisone or corticosteroids that alter melanin and can cause multiple disorders (hormonal, scarring, burns, etc.) in the long term.

Thankfully, some products block the natural pigmentation process without being harmful. This process is actually quite simple to understand.

Under the effect of UV light, the epidermis releases a hormone. It activates the melanocytes which synthesise melanin within the melanosomes. Melanin is responsible for the pigmentation of the skin and melanosomes are vesicles that store and transport melanin. The melanosomes are then transferred to the epidermis where they are degraded and eliminated. The melanin released in this way is destroyed more or less quickly depending on the origin of each individual. We can therefore act on the natural pigmentation mechanism: by reducing the number and size of melanosomes, by reducing melanin synthesis. Finally by preventing the transport of melanin to the keratinocytes.

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WHICH SOLUTION WAS FOUND BY CODAGE?

CODAGE has created 2 nutrients that are optimally effective in fading stains.

[Tc] Anti-Spot: Corrects localized pigmentation disorders for an even and radiant complexion.

Tc = [Tca] + [Tcb]

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[Tca]

ORIGINS

Extracted from Pancratium maritimum, a plant known as the Sea Lily or Sand Lily that spreads on the sand of beaches around the Mediterranean and is known for its resistance to drought and sea spray.

EFFECTIVENESS

  • Up to -63% for brown spot area after 42 days.
  • Up to +61.5% lightening of brown spots after 84 days.
  • Up to -53% difference between skin and spot pigmentation.

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[Tcb]

ORIGINS

Extracted from a blue microalgae, Phormidium persicinum, known to be one of the oldest life forms on the planet.

EFFECTIVENESS

  • Up to -42% pigmentation deviation on the face (+homogenous).
  • Up to -11% pigmentation intensity differences on the face (+luminous).
  • Up to +7.5% skin texture evenness.

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[Bl] Lightening: Acts on the skin's natural pigmentation mechanisms for safe skin lightening.

Bl = [Bla] + [Blb] + [Blc]

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[Bla]

ORIGINS

Biomimetic peptide derived from the growth factor TGF-ß.

EFFECTIVENESS

  • + 21% skin brightening in 28 days/+30% after 56 days.
  • 87% of the panel of testers validates the evenness of skin tone.
  • 91% of the testers panel validates a brightening of the skin.

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[Blb]

ORIGINS

A synergistic complex of plant origin consisting of a pea extract and a fatty acid with a sugar, sucrose dilaurate, attached.

EFFECTIVENESS

  • + 8% skin lightening after 6 weeks which is similar whitening activity to hydroquinone (Hydroquinone: the reference molecule for its whitening properties but can be irritating.)
  • -30% of the activity of tyrosinase.

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[Blc]

ORIGINS

Extract of brown seaweed, Dictyopteris membranacea, more commonly known as Sea Fern.

EFFECTIVENESS

  • Up to +36% lightening after 84 days.
  • Up to -32% pigment spot area after 42 days.
  • Up to -75% pigment spot area after 84 days.

Our ANTI-SPOT PROGRAM

 

1. Prepare

Micropeeling Mask

Micropeeling Mask

The MICRO-PEELING MASK is a light emulsion composed of AHA, BHA and fruit enzymes. In just a few minutes and without rubbing, it unclogs pores and eliminates impurities, blackheads, dead cells and other skin imperfections. Regenerating, this mask intensely stimulates cell renewal, reduces fine lines, fades spots and other pigmentary disorders. A new skin effect guaranteed, the complexion is even and radiant.

2. Act
Serum N°04

SERUM 4 Anti-Spot&Brightening 

ANTI-SPOT & LIGHTENING SERUM N°04 is a formula specially developed to lighten the complexion and correct spots and other pigmentary defects. By acting directly on the skin's natural detoxification and pigmentation mechanisms, this treatment effectively erases skin blemishes and provides the complexion with greater clarity, whiteness and uniformity. A maximum concentration of active antioxidants strengthens the skin's natural defenses to better prevent the appearance of new spots.

The FORMULA:

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Serum N°06

SERUM 6 Supreme Anti-Aging

SERUM #06 is a concentrate of anti-aging technologies that contains the latest innovations in cosmetology research. It effectively addresses all signs of skin aging: wrinkles, spots and loss of firmness.

The FORMULA:

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Eye Serum N°11

SERUM 11 -Eyes - Supreme Anti-Aging

SERUM N°11, a concentrate of anti-ageing technologies, attacks all the signs of skin ageing: wrinkles, loss of firmness, spots, dark circles and puffiness. Densified, the skin is smoothed, the look visibly rejuvenated.

The FORMULA:

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 Fall In Love Serum

FALL IN LOVE

 

FALL IN LOVE is the special off-season edition to recharge the skin with essential resources. Moisturising, repairing, antioxidant and anti-pollution, this serum helps rebuild the skin matrix and arms it with the necessary defences to cope with climate change. Detoxifying, energising and anti-spot ingredients purify the skin and reduce pigmentation disorders caused by the sun. The complexion is evened out and glows with beauty.

The FORMULA:

3. Protect

Night Cream

Night Cream

NIGHT CREAM is a richly-textured emulsion formulated to work during sleep, a key moment for cell regeneration. A true concentrate of restorative nutrition, it activates the skin's natural metabolism of purification and regeneration of dermal stem cells, incredibly stimulating the synthesis of collagen and elastin. Combined with the plumping power of hyaluronic acid, this exclusive treatment firms the skin and smoothes out even the deepest wrinkles night after night. In the morning, the skin is smoothed and perfectly hydrated. The complexion is clarified and glows with luminosity.

The skin is smooth and perfectly hydrated.